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  • On 2021-05-18 at 17:55







Tetrapleura tetraptera is a species of flowering plant in the pea family native to Western Africa. The plant is called Prekese (or, more correctly, Prɛkɛsɛ) in the Twi language of Ghana. It is also called Uhio (Uhiokrihio) in the Igbo language of Nigeria. We also called it linja, Ayidan in the Fon language of Benin.

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04sides are an indigenous plant that belongs to Pea Family (Fabaceae). It’s a single-steam, perennial tree with dark green leaves. It’s a thick, woody base and spreading branches. 04 sides have a wide natural distribution over a large part of tropical Africa during winter. The fruit of the plant has a fragrant smell, which has been attributed to its insect repellent properties. It grows in pairs, that’s the flower grows on shot steam at the end of the branches. the fruits are green when tender but when fully matured turns to dark red-brown. The pod remains closed even when fully matured. 04 sides have about 20 to 28 cm long, with 4-5 cm pd wide. It has 4 longitudinal wings that are slightly curved. Ayidan fruit bears flowers that are yellowish and pink in color, the fruit has a dark brown pod on maturity. It’s generally found in the lowland forest area. The fruits hang on stout stalks at the edges of the branches and look brownish in color. The pod contains tiny hard seeds that measure around 9 mm long.

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04 SIDES as it’s popularly called in West Africa is highly demanded due to its medicinal and aromatic values. Research reveals that it has anti-inflammatory, neuromuscular, anti-ulcerative, hypotensive, molluscicidal, cardiovascular, and anti-microbial properties. It is used for various purposes from healing, therapeutic, cosmetology, and culinary. 04 sides highly reach in calcium, iron, potassium, alkaloids, saponins, zinc, phosphorus, and flavonoids

The fruit is conventionally used as a spice and as a natural multivitamin.

It is rich in protein, lipids, potassium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, and vitamin C.

In Nigeria, it is cooked in soup and fed to mothers to prevent post-partum contraction.

In Ghana, prekese has been used to flavor soft drinks. The major constituents are Tannins, flavonoids, and starch.

In West Africa, it is used as a spice, a medicine, and as a dietary supplement rich in vitamins.

It is used to prepare palm nut soup because of its medicinal benefits.



1. Diabetes

Ayidan Fruit Juice

It is very beneficial in controlling type 2 diabetes mellitus. It was also found that Ayidan fruit extract was beneficial in lowering blood glucose levels in both fasting and nonfasting conditions.

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2. Fever and Enema

A person who is recovering from a medical condition is often asked to bathe with water-soaked with whole fruit.

This also gives fast relief from feverish conditions. Similar infusion also helps people suffering from constipation, enema, and emetic.

3. Mosquito Repellent

The fruit has a strong smell due to which it is often used as the mosquito repellent and is effective too. This property is attributed to the presence of essential oils in it.

Crush it. Or grind to do incense. Mosquitoes will disappear.

4. Postpartum Care
.. afterbirth

The pods are rich in potassium, iron, and calcium which are the three most important ingredients required for a postpartum woman. The soup also helps in the production of milk in new mothers and helps to restore the lost blood.

5. Wound Healing Properties

Wet fruit extract of the dry Ayidan has very good wound healing properties

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Please to discover Tetrapleura tetraptera(04sides) virtues and health benefits.

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